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tv   BBC World News  PBS  January 20, 2010 5:30pm-6:00pm EST

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, the newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." one year after he took office, a political shock for barack obama, a state senate seat lost to republicans. >> the people of massachusetts spoke and we will be part of the process. >> new fears and haiti, as people are released into the streets.
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at least 200 people have been killed in northern nigeria. welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. coming up, and thereby a group of musicians. and baby making day in south korea, government workers sent home early to increase the birth rate. one year after barack obama took office, the u.s. president and his party have managed to lose a seat in the senate. the republicans now have enough votes to block health care reform as just a start.
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at the white house insists the president will step -- the white house insists that the president will stick to his goals. >> the next united states senator! >> it is perhaps the political upset of the new century, a republican elected to the u.s. senate in massachusetts for the first time in 38 years. he and scott brown. >> i saw a handmade sign that i put there myself. >> exactly one year after president obama took office. there are 100 seats in the senate, 100 votes. the democrats now control 60 of those, giving them a majority so powerful that could pass legislation they want.
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but when scott brown arrives, the republicans take control of 41 seats. that is enough to block legislation. president obama's huge plan for health care now looks vulnerable. mr. obama appealed this morning to massachusetts. republicans were ecstatic today with a chance to kill health care reform. >> the people of massachusetts have spoken for america. stop this process. >> exactly how much political damage has been done is still being looked at. there are more elections to come in november. when he came to power one year ago, many saw barack obama is being transformative. today, politics in washington it is as bitter and divisive as ever.
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where is the change, asked impatient americans? now the anger has been turned on the democrats. more on that to come later in the program. the people of haiti today felt a powerful aftershock that lasted several minutes is, -- that lasted several minutes, 6.1 magnitude. terrified people ran into the streets and more buildings collapsed. the eight organizations are still desperately -- aid organizations are still desperately trying to bring in medical supplies. >> katie's biggest hospital. -- haiti's biggest hospital.
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this neighborhood has been traumatized by terrifying aftershock. >> the staff here are fighting against all odds, trying to fight against this. this woman is trying to give birth and the baby is in the breech position. nearby, this woman had just given birth, a child born into chaos. >> it is chaos. >> the boy is ok? >> the boy is fine. >> another cry for help as staff gives aid to a young woman.
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they managed to revive her. >> this is a plastic tie for a bag of bread. we will cut the cord with this knife. >> is it sterile? >> there is no way to sterilize anything. >> many of these patients have no homes left to go back to. they leave the hospitals and will be living on the streets. >> it is hard. we're not getting paid to be here.
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we hope to combat because people need the help. -- we hope to come back because people need help. this is unimaginable. >> today brought the gift of a baby boy. she lost her 6-year-old to the earthquake. she says she will be relying on god to raise her new son. there are still survivors to defined. international teams have rescued 121 people, and these two children, aged eight and 10 were lifted out by a team into the arms of their parents. both were virtually unscathed. there have been several other instances like this, but the rescue operations are likely to be scaled back now. it is feared that any survivors may have been crushed by wednesday's tremor.
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the u.s. defense secretary is in delhi, where he says terror groups working around afghanistan and pakistan pose a threat to every country in the area. he said the best way to resist the threat was for india and pakistan to work together. india may not show restraint if they suffered another attack like the mumbai assault in 2008. >> good britain has ordered the suspension of direct flights to yemen in further response to the failed attack on american passenger jets on christmas day. an al qaeda faction in yemen is claiming responsibility for that attack. malaysian police have arrested eight people over the firebombing of a church early this morning. they're investing a spate of similar attacks in the capital, kuala lumpur. and nigerian town is under tight military control after
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three days by rival christian and moslem gangs. the 24-hour curfew is in place, no official figures for the numbers killed, but it seems to be in the hundreds. >> days of killing and burning are not new to this town. hundreds of people have been killed, many thousands more forced to flee. most of them have lived through it before. >> i don't know what has happened. >> the nigerian military is in control of the streets of the city and is imposing a strict curfew. on sunday, rival muslim and christian gangs set about slaughter. they attacked homes, burning mosques and churches, and killing their neighbors. just over a year ago, hundreds more were killed in days of bloodshed, and in 2001, over
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1000 lost their lives. it is not religious hatred but deep-rooted grievances over access to land, property, and resources. rights groups say an official policy divides people into being indigenous or settlers and breeds anger. >> the policy of government discrimination, which denies nigerians who cannot claim their ancestors come from that place, access to basic economic and educational opportunities. all of this brings up tremendous frustration among the population, which is evident in these sporadic, very deadly outbreaks of violence. >> today, the town is split into christian and muslim streets. each outbreak of violence, a division, anger, and the need to settle old scores becomes deeper. could have you with us on
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"bbc world news." still to come, go forth and multiplied, it is official -- south korea is ordering the lights out to boost the country's birthrate. a u.n. human rights envoy has been talking with cambodia's prime minister for cooperation. the talks covered issues including land evictions and freedom of expression. >> human-rights envoys have not always received such a warm welcome. the prime minister was in the habit of belittling previous united nations special envoy is. he called one a long term taurus. on a second visit, he seems to be faring better. but the professor of that national walt was keen to find a way to develop at least a civil relationship with the
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government. >> we discussed a wide range of issues in cambodia, and we made good progress this morning, and the prime minister was very receptive to the ideas. i think we have made good progress in cambodia after my appointment last year. the spirit of cooperation and better understanding between the government and my office, and i look forward to working with the government. about other issues came up, like last month's forced repatriation who had applied for refugee status in cambodia. a brought condemnation from around the world, but there was a response. >> regarding that ethnic uighurs, the prime minister made it clear we carried out immigration laws and we want one standard, not double standards. >> it is a delicate balancing
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act during the visit, carrying a un's message of human rights law making sure that he stays on good enough terms with the government to maintain influence. i one main headline on "bbc world news," the white house has vowed to continue its reform progress despite losing ted kennedy's seat to the republicans. one year ago today, president obama took the seal of his new office and declared the u.s. was ready to lead once more. it the intention was there, the activity in tents, but many government analysts are saying they're disappointed by the results, and here is a global round up from three correspondents. >> and china, mr. obama is facing a different challenge, the dynamic rising competitor. obama promised change to
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america, but china is changing faster, testing the limits of american power. president obama came here to the great wall of the people last year. he came offering a hand of friendship, seeking china's cooperation. quickly, the relationship has run into trouble. at the climate change conference, china was blamed for blocking a deal that president obama had sought. since then, google has come out and complain about censorship in china and hacking of e-mail accounts, a position backed up by the u.s. administration. dealing with beijing has never been easy for american presidents, and president obama is finding that charm and good will alone may not be enough faced with an increasingly assertive china. >> the taliban are a very deadly and determined foe. toward the end of last year, president obama promised to send thousands more troops, trying to
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turn the tide of the insurgency. most afghans welcome that decision and they still welcome the presence of the u.s. and other foreign troops. others, though, are worried that as more foreign soldiers come in, the fighting will escalate. >> when mr. obama came here, he was still on his presidential honeymoon, talking like a candidate, getting his audience to like him, creating a sense of hope and change, and raising expectations. since then, he has had a hard lesson in the realities of politics. >> the obama administration has tried to take action, challenging its will to stop israeli jews building in palestinian territory. but israel has refused, no peace process there. people american soldiers of the
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streets of iraq, but they still have deep and dangerous divisions. iran is in deep crisis, it's a regime disproving president obama's idea that offering talks would yield results. what to do about iran's nuclear plans looks to be the big challenge this year. israel finished its offensive in gaza just before president obama's inauguration. the timing was not accidental. president obama believes peace in this part of the world is in america's national interests, but the middle east is every bit as dangerous as it was a year ago. >> let's hear from washington now with our special correspondent, phillip thomas. >> i will take you to the issue of president obama's domestic spending. today, all the conventional political wisdom has gone out the window. nobody can say for sure where the political power balance lies right now.
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it has shifted toward the republicans, and we will get some insight today from my guest from the washington post. how do we want rate president obama when you're off? >> it is certainly complicated by tuesday's results in massachusetts. this is a blow to the heart of the democratic party, losing the seat of the liberal icon ted kennedy to a republican, really an unknown until three weeks ago across most of massachusetts, the idea that he now holds the seat once held by the real champion of health care reform and has the potential to open the process. that is very troubling for the white house. plenty of blame to go round between democrats in massachusetts and candidate there, the white house not picking up on the vulnerability of the campaign, and the general sense of for the strategy does from here. the president made clear this afternoon he does not want senate democrats and house democrats to ram through some kind of cap etch -- some kind of
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package before this new senator takes his seat. >> scott brown may be key, he may be one that the president has to reach out to. i am absolutely, a republican in massachusetts is different from one from texas. much more moderate, and someone who in theory has an ok feeling about health care reform, even in his own state. he's very concerned about the cost, as are many americans and republicans. on other issues, he may line up with the president. it >> national security, and you were telling me today the news coming through would show how the atmosphere has been poisoned? the president's nominee to run the transportation security administration withdrew his name for consideration amid questions of some things he did in his past. there was a lot of republican opposition to is the amortization -- to his nomination.
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the fact the obama administration does not have anyone to run airport security shows a few things, one, there is a real breakdown in the vetting process, the partisan it bad feelings has spread to all corners of the government, and this is a president who is concerned about national security and he needs officials in place to run this agencies. right now, there is not anyone there. >> that just shows the shaky position for president obama. we will all be watching as he puts his thoughts about where he stands right now to the nation next wednesday in the state of the union speech. it back to you. >> many thanks. greece, much attention it is focused on the trial of a policeman who shot to death a boy. at the trough has been postponed and are removed from the capital to small town -- the trial has been postponed and are removed from the capitol to a small town. a group of classical musicians
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is market to protest in a peaceful way. >> this is an unusual venue for a world premiere, especially for classical musicians. shows a gothic setting for the first performance of a symphony that reflects the anger of the composers and musicians. -- they chose a gothic setting for the first performance. >> the young child was murdered by policemen. the only thing we could do is through music, it is a language. through music, we have tried to give a message. >> the riots may have taken place 13 months ago, there is still a lot of social tension bubbling beneath the surface. it electronic symphony is
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designed to say the spirit of rebellion is alive and well. >> it is honoring the way in which the entire country goes up against what they saw as unacceptable behavior, not just from the police but from their politicians. >> this is the spot where the boy was shot dead. the pivotal issue in the trial is whether the officer aimed deliberately or fired a warning shot that took a deadly deflections. the boy's family has written to the prime minister, complaining about the case being transferred to central greece. >> most of the witnesses, they are schoolboy's, schoolgirls, teachers. for them, it is very difficult or impossible to attend the trial. so we feel that the fairness of
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the trial is in question. >> the trial is bound to revive the anchor that erupted in december, 2008, and the police are on standby for a repeat of street protests. they now have their own electronic anthem. in germany, a terminal at munich airport has reopened after a security alert one man whose laptop was checked for explosives ran off with it. security equipment indicated there may have been explosives and the computer. at least 100 flights were affected. exactly what happened to the passengers is still not clear. the police later said he may just have been a businessman in a hurry. the police hunting the killers of eight people in the u.s. state of virginia have made an arrest near appomattox. schools were closed and local people evacuated as more than 100 police searched the area. it seems that prince william has retained the shooting skills he learned in the cavalry.
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on his tour of australia, he joined paratroopers on a firing range. the targets were 100 meters away. this is not the picture that we meant to show. this is from yesterday. the company commander described his name with a rifle as "excellent." south korea has one of the world's lowest birth rates and they are turning to imaginative measures to reverse the trend. the minister of the health once its population to have more children and they want their staff to lead by example. >> i am in the ministry of health, welfare, and family affairs. and a moment now, we're told we are about to what is a bold new experiment, one that gives new meaning to the term family- friendly policies. forget the mounds of paperwork, forget the report, tonight there is no excuse for going home late
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from the office. in fact, we see the start of the experiment, the lights in this building, every single one of them, are turned off to encourage bureaucrats to go home and spend more time with their families. the hope is they will spend that time to make this family's a little bigger. some of the stragglers here finishing off last-minute jobs before they are forced out of the building, when all the lights go off, 7:00, and a couple of minutes time. earlier, i spoke with a person from the minister of health and asks whether the intention of the policy really was to encourage staff to go home and procreate. >> going home earlier, i believe, will help increase the birth rate, but more importantly, this initiative of allowing parents to spend more time with their children will create a more family-friendly culture, which will be a big
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help in resolving the problem of the low birthrate. >> i hope you do not think this is it to cheeky a question, but it is not often you get a chance to ask, are you a family man yourself? the plan to take advantage of this extra time? -- do you plan to take advantage of this extra time? >> i am not married yet, so on this evening, i will be spending the extra time with my parents. >> there we are, the building has gone dark and the staff has left. the idea it is at this family day, as it is being called, will be repeated once a month. south korea really has a problem with its birth rate, one of lowest in the world, lower even than japan. this is a department clearly feels it should be leading by example. critics say what is really needed is a wide scale reform,
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that the high cost of education in this country has put so many families off from having children. >> not one of those questions you often get to ask in south korea. it much more on all the international list on our website, bbc.com, and on our top story, u.s. president insisting he will insist to the agenda despite the sharp defeat of the senate seat in massachusetts. thank you for joining us on "bbc world news." >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, the newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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